Early hunting and gathering societies, part of the Jornada Mogollon culture, first roamed this area. Later, various Apache tribes made these lands their home. An eight-mile stretch of the Camino Real, the route established by the Spanish between Chihuahua, Mexico and Santa Fe, crossed the northern part of the Center. In 1887, the first Homestead was filed with the U.S. government for property now included in the Center. Several ranchers owned various portions of the land now constituting the Center, but in 1925 Max Vanderstucken, who then owned the land, was facing foreclosure and spoke to J.L. Lantow, head of the animal husbandry department at New Mexico A&M. He recommended the College buy his ranch, and in February 1926 the College acquired his land, with grazing rights on adjoining public lands. In 1927, Congress granted public lands to the College for research purposes. The last parcel was acquired in 1984 through a "land swap" between the federal government and the State of New Mexico.

Photo of Petroglyphs.       1939 Photo of Ranch Day.
Petroglyphs Ranch Day October 1939

Ranch Day

The "Ranch Day" was an annual event held on the College Ranch and Jornada Experimental Range. It was done with the cooperation of the New Mexico Experimental Station, New Mexico Extension service and the Southwestern Forest and Range Experiment Station. Each year interested researchers and ranchers would gather to tour the research facilities and experimental sites on the Jornada plains to listen and learn about progress made by scientists conducting reaearch in the area. The following Ranch Day handouts give todays researchers a historical perspective of what has been done in the past and how to proceed with research efforts in the future.

1938 | 1939 | 1940 | 1941
(Not held in 1942, 1943 or 1944 due to the state of the nation after the attack on Pearl Harbor)
1945 | 1946 | 1947 | 1948 | 1949 | 1950 | 1951 | 1952 | 1953 | 1954 | 1955 | 1956

More to Come . . .

J. L. Lantow Historical Photos

Photos Throughout The Years

Different researchers have documented their studies and points of interest for many years. These photos are displayed by the different pastures ofthe ranch when possible. Scans that have the prefix RB were taken by Dr. Relden Beck and RP were taken by Dr.Rex Pieper and appropriate credit should be given.

History of the CDRRC

A History of NMSU's College Ranch